Mycorrhizal Fungi download full version on pdf
What are they?
How do you pronounce it for starters: Myco-ryzal (singular), Myco-ryzay (plural)
Which means: Mychor = fungus, Rhizae = root of the plant, so it is a fungal root!
They are a living organism that has developed over millions of years living in the soil as a symbiotic and beneficial aid to plant growth. These amazing organisms imbed themselves into the hair roots of a plant and live from the sugars provided by the host plant. In return, the mycorrhizae will spread their hyphae (resembles a cobweb) into the soil, where it collects nutrients, phosphate nitrogen, trace minerals, water etc and transports them back directly to the plant, therby improving plant health and increasing yield potential.
Why are they important?
Because they will help to protect the crop from soil borne pathogenslike Pythium, Rhizoctonia and fusarium, increase nutrient uptake by taking minerals from the ‘locked-up’ sol reserves and bring them directly to your crop. Essentially they act as root extensions effectively increasing rooting area by anything up to 600 times.
Min-till or direct drill and mycorrhizal fungi can capture more carbon than is being produced and could stop ALL global warming dead – but ONLY if all countries did it; but you can play a huge role in this and you could even be paid for it if you go along with the idea of carbon capture and exchange.
Mycorrhizae will cause soil particles to aggregate which in turn improves water infiltration, increase air space and encourage other beneficial microbes to build humus, fix nitrogen and inmprove soil structure.
They keep working for as long as you have the plants photosynthesising, pushing sugars into the root; these wonderful organisms will multiply until all soil is covered in them. However, toxic chemistry will destroy them so when you have to use these chemicals, (even NPK) you need to feed the soil to help these really important organisms to recover.
ABOVE: Left plant treated with mycorrhizal innoculant and shows much better rooting systems than that on the right.
NB: Abridged version only, for full information please download pdf above.